Uttarakhand is popularly referred to as ‘Devbhoomi’ or the land of gods. It is a very famous pilgrimage site where people come from all parts of India and even the world to immerse in the spiritual and religious environment. The spirit of gratitude is seen in abundance within the people of Uttarakhand, their fairs and festivals clearly display their thankful hearts and zeal to conserve the environment . People enrapture in festivity, offer prayers to the local deity and dance on the traditional folk songs. Some of the festivals celebrated within the Uttarakhand region are Basant Panchami, Bhitauli, Harela, Phool Dei, Batsavitri, Ganga Dusshera or Dasar, Dikar Puja, Olgia or Ghee Sankranti, Khatarua, Ghuian Ekadashi, Chhipla Jaat, Kandali, Janopunya, Kumaon Holi (including Khari Holi and Baithaki Holi) and Makar Sankranti (Ghughutia). These festivals provide a way of uninhibited joy and a whiff of unsullied air recharging them. The affection for shading and upbeat festivals of the general population of Uttarakhand is very much reflected by the intricate ceremonies and the gay desert with which they surrender themselves to the various celebrations of the area. Uttarakhand is rich in culture and heritage. Fairs (called Mela in Hindi) are clebrated with fervour and zeal. They are an integral a part of the social and cultural lifetime of Uttarakhand. Here one can see the cultural diversity of this state. The two distinct regions of Uttarakhand, Kumaon and Garhwal, enjoy varied fairs and festivals along side several similar celebrations round the year. It has a varied and vibrant culture because it is home to people of various ethnic groups, tribal communities, and even immigrants. Here, people speak many languages like Hindi, Bhotia, Garhwali, Kumaoni, wear different traditional dresses and also celebrate various festivals. Some of the festivals celebrated within the Uttarakhand region are Basant Panchami, Bhitauli, Harela, Phool Dei, Batsavitri, Ganga Dusshera or Dasar, Dikar Puja, Olgia or Ghee Sankranti, Khatarua, Ghuian Ekadashi, Chhipla Jaat, Kandali, Janopunya, Kumaon Holi (including Khari Holi and Baithaki Holi) and Makar Sankranti. Phool Dei is an auspicious folk festival which welcomes the spring season within the state. The festival is widely known on the primary day of the Hindu month, Chaitra. Harela may be a Hindu festival celebrated basically within the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand state of India. It is celebrated thrice in year, the primary two are during both the Navratis, Chaitra Navrati within the month of Chaitra and Sharad Navratri within the month of Ashwin. This festival is widely known to welcome monsoon and lord Shiva. Harela means Green which successively symbolizes prosperity among the farmer community . Ghughuti ‘The Mouth-Watering Festival of Kumaon’… To celebrate the festival with fervor and gaiety, the locals prepare deep-fried sweets called ghughute from sweetened flour and jaggery that are shaped like drums, pomegranates, knives, and swords. Barada Nati, Bhotiya Dance, Chancheri, Chhapeli, Choliya Dance, Jagars, Jhora, Langvir Dance, Langvir Nritya, Pandav Nritya, Ramola, Shotiya Tribal Folk Dances, Thali-Jadda and Jhainta are a number of the folks dances performed in various occasions in Uttarakhand. One of the essential
and hottest dishes in Uttarakhand, Aaloo (Potatoes) ke Gutke may be a simple preparation where dry spices are roasted and used. Aaloo ke Gutke are best served with Puri and Kheerein ka Raita (Cucumber and Curd preparation). This dish is seen mostly served on festivals. Kumbh Mela is one among the most important and therefore the hottest festival of Uttarakhand. Although technically it’s a Mela or fair, it’s a big occasion for people of this northern state. It is the biggest congregation of pilgrims which entails taking dips in the river of Ganga to rid oneself of one’s sins. Basant Panchami is that the festival which celebrates the approaching of Basant or Spring season. It is a significant festival in Uttarakhand. Bat Savitri celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal during the holy occasion of Krishna amavasya or the last day of the dark half of the month, this is the day when married women worship and offer their prayer to Bat or vat which is a banyan tree as a symbol for the well-being of their husbands. These women observe fast during this day and adorn themselves in colors of a married woman and honor the time when Savitri had saved her husband from the clenches of death. Celebrated mostly among the Garhwali women this auspicious festival requires these women performing various traditional rituals. One of the main festivals in Kumaon region of the state Uttarakhand, Nanda Devi Mela is organized in places like Almora, Nainital, Bageshwar, Bhowali, and Kot along side the far-flung villages of Johar. The Fair (Mela) is organized within the month of September per annum . Almora is that the place where the most fair is held. Ramman, a spiritual festival within the sort of stage is featured on the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in India. It is renowned exclusively within the Garhwal Area of Uttarakhand at the dual towns of Saloor-Dungra in Chamoli area. Makar Sankranti may be a famous festival celebrated in many nations of India. According to the Hindu religious texts, Makar Sankranti marks the day of Uttarayani, i.e., the daylight has gotten within the zodiacal indicator of ‘makar’ (Capricorn) from ‘kark’ (cancer) as well as has actually therefore started relocating within the direction of the north. On today , people worship the sun at sunrise and bathe within the river waters. The locals prepare Khichdi and til ke laddoo. Magh Mela , This festival is now witnessing a huge increase in tourism from people looking to take a closer look at the lifestyle and festivals of Uttarakhand. This fun and frolic goes on for more than a week and people take a holy dip in Ganga River along with displaying various handcrafted items and local produce. Nowadays this festival is not only limited to this region but it is also celebrated in various other regions due to its growing popularity.